sphinx 全文搜索引擎

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知道

发表于 2017-01-10 16:31:20
内容来源: 网络

sphinx简介
参考指南
参考指南
sphinx API中文

sphinx 全文搜索引擎:顾名思义,是做收索用的,因为普通的搜索在数据量小的时候,能应对自如,但是当数据量上千万,或者上亿的时候。纯粹的sql搜索显得缓慢,无力。因而为了提高用户体验,增快用户的搜索速度,出现了sphinx 。简单的例子比如大型网站的首页搜索。

1.安装须知

Coreseek发布了3.2.14版本和4.1版本等多个版本
3.2.14版本是2010年发布的,它是基于Sphinx0.9.9搜索引擎的。4.1版本是2011年发布的
,它是基于Sphinx2.0.2以后的

2.使用sphinx需要的工作

    1.检查中文环境语言
    2.升级依赖包
    3.下载并安装mmseg(coreseek所需要的词典)
    4.安装coreseek的csf-3.2-14(也就是sphinx)
    5.安装配置sphinx并运行生成相应的索引
    6.启动sphinx,php文件调用sphinx服务即可
    7.配置php支持sphinx (或者引用sphinx类直接调用sphinx也行)
    
注意事项:①、采用API调用,如使用PHP、java等的API函数或方法查询。优点是可不必对mysql重新编译,服务端进程“低耦合”,且程序可灵活、方便的调用;需要二次查询。
二次查询注:到现在发布版本为止——sphinx-0.9.9,sphinx在检索到结果后只能返回记录的ID,而非要查的sql数据,故需要重新根据这些ID再次从数据库中查询,

3.检查环境语言

[root@localhost ~]# locale
LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"

#如上显示英文的(如果是中文的直接进行下一步)
LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LC = en_US.UTF-8
#要配置成中文的
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
#运行之后
[root@localhost ~]# export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
[root@localhost ~]# export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
[root@localhost ~]# locale
LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8

4升级依赖包

yum -y install glibc-common libtool autoconf automake mysql-devel expat-devel
# 手动升级 autoconf
tar -zxvf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.69
./configure
make
make install

5.安装coreseek的mmseg

tar -zxvf coreseek-3.2.13.tar.gz
cd coreseek-3.2.13
cd mmseg-3.2.13/
./bootstrap    #输出的warning信息可以忽略,如果出现error则需要解决
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mmseg3
make
make install

# 检测是否安装完成
mmseg
提示:-bash: mmseg: command not found

# 问题解决方法
ln -s /usr/local/mmseg3/bin/mmseg /bin/mmseg

# 
mmseg

# 显示以下内容表示安装成功
Coreseek COS(tm) MM Segment 1.0
Copyright By Coreseek.com All Right Reserved.
Usage: mmseg <option> <file>
-u <unidict>           Unigram Dictionary
-r           Combine with -u, used a plain text build Unigram Dictionary, default Off
-b <Synonyms>           Synonyms Dictionary
-t <thesaurus>          Thesaurus Dictionary
-h            print this help and exit

安装csf-3.2-14

cd csft-3.2.13/
sh buildconf.sh    #输出的warning信息可以忽略,如果出现error则需要解决 
./configure 
--prefix=/usr/local/sphinx 
--without-unixodbc 
--with-mmseg 
--with-mmseg-includes=/usr/local/mmseg3/include/mmseg/ 
--with-mmseg-libs=/usr/local/mmseg3/lib/ 
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ 

make
make install


#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/sphinx/ --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ --enable-id64 
make 
make install 
# 注意1:采用这种方式安装不支持中文分词。
# 注意2:--enable-id64 系统是64位,开启后Sphinx存储模块可以支持4-5G,不开启支持2G左右,不开启检索效率会高些,一般情况下建议不开启

# 错误:
collect2: ld 返回 1 
make[2]: *** [indexer] 错误 1 

# 修改configure文件中:
LIBS="$LIBS -L/usr/local/lib"
# 改为:
LIBS="$LIBS -liconv -L/usr/local/lib"

6.再测试下mmseg分词和coreseek搜索

cd testpack 
cat var/test/test.xml  #此时应该正确显示中文 
/usr/local/mmseg3/bin/mmseg -d /usr/local/mmseg3/etc var/test/test.xml 
/usr/local/sphinx/bin/indexer -c etc/csft.conf --all 
/usr/local/sphinx/bin/search -c etc/csft.conf 网络搜索 
此时正确的应该返回 
words: 
1. '网络': 1 documents, 1 hits 
2. '搜索': 2 documents, 5 hits 

3.sphinx.conf配置文件

[root@localhost ~]#cd /usr/local/sphinx/etc #进入sphinx的配置文件目录
[root@localhost etc]# cp sphinx.conf.dist sphinx.conf #新建Sphinx配置文件
[root@localhost etc]# vim sphinx.conf #编辑sphinx.conf

##### 索引源 ###########
 source userinfo
 {
     type = mysql
     sql_host = localhost
     sql_user = root
     sql_pass = 123456
     sql_db = zb3_zhibo
     sql_port  = 3306
     sql_query_pre= SET NAMES utf8
     sql_query = SELECT userid,username,passwd,phone,ctime FROM live_userinfo_base
 }
 ### 索引 ###
 index info
 {
     source = userinfo
     path = /usr/local/sphinx/var/data/info #######索引文件存放路径及索引的文件名
     docinfo = extern
     mlock = 0
     stopwords =
     min_prefix_len = 0
     min_infix_len = 0
     morphology = none
     min_word_len = 2
     charset_type = zh_cn.utf-8
     charset_dictpath =/usr/local/mmseg3/etc/
     #charset_table = U+FF10..U+FF19->0..9, 0..9, U+FF41..U+FF5A->a..z, U+FF21..U+FF3A->a..z,A..Z->a..z, a..z, U+0149, U+017F, U+0138, U+00DF, U+00FF, U+00C0..U+00D6->U+00E0..U+00F6,U+00E0..U+00F6, U+00D8..U+00DE->U+00F8..U+00FE, U+00F8..U+00FE, U+0100->U+0101, U+0101,U+0102->U+0103, U+0103, U+0104->U+0105, U+0105, U+0106->U+0107, U+0107, U+0108->U+0109,U+0109, U+010A->U+010B, U+010B, U+010C->U+010D, U+010D, U+010E->U+010F, U+010F,U+0110->U+0111, U+0111, U+0112->U+0113, U+0113, U+0114->U+0115, U+0115, U+0116->U+0117,U+0117, U+0118->U+0119, U+0119, U+011A->U+011B, U+011B, U+011C->U+011D, U+011D,U+011E->U+011F, U+011F, U+0130->U+0131, U+0131, U+0132->U+0133, U+0133, U+0134->U+0135,U+0135, U+0136->U+0137, U+0137, U+0139->U+013A, U+013A, U+013B->U+013C, U+013C,U+013D->U+013E, U+013E, U+013F->U+0140, U+0140, U+0141->U+0142, U+0142, U+0143->U+0144,U+0144, U+0145->U+0146, U+0146, U+0147->U+0148, U+0148, U+014A->U+014B, U+014B,U+014C->U+014D, U+014D, U+014E->U+014F, U+014F, U+0150->U+0151, U+0151, U+0152->U+0153,U+0153, U+0154->U+0155, U+0155, U+0156->U+0157, U+0157, U+0158->U+0159, U+0159,U+015A->U+015B, U+015B, U+015C->U+015D, U+015D, U+015E->U+015F, U+015F, U+0160->U+0161,U+0161, U+0162->U+0163, U+0163, U+0164->U+0165, U+0165, U+0166->U+0167, U+0167,U+0168->U+0169, U+0169, U+016A->U+016B, U+016B, U+016C->U+016D, U+016D, U+016E->U+016F,U+016F, U+0170->U+0171, U+0171, U+0172->U+0173, U+0173, U+0174->U+0175, U+0175,U+0176->U+0177, U+0177, U+0178->U+00FF, U+00FF, U+0179->U+017A, U+017A, U+017B->U+017C,U+017C, U+017D->U+017E, U+017E, U+0410..U+042F->U+0430..U+044F, U+0430..U+044F,U+05D0..U+05EA, U+0531..U+0556->U+0561..U+0586, U+0561..U+0587, U+0621..U+063A, U+01B9,U+01BF, U+0640..U+064A, U+0660..U+0669, U+066E, U+066F, U+0671..U+06D3, U+06F0..U+06FF,U+0904..U+0939, U+0958..U+095F, U+0960..U+0963, U+0966..U+096F, U+097B..U+097F,U+0985..U+09B9, U+09CE, U+09DC..U+09E3, U+09E6..U+09EF, U+0A05..U+0A39, U+0A59..U+0A5E,U+0A66..U+0A6F, U+0A85..U+0AB9, U+0AE0..U+0AE3, U+0AE6..U+0AEF, U+0B05..U+0B39,U+0B5C..U+0B61, U+0B66..U+0B6F, U+0B71, U+0B85..U+0BB9, U+0BE6..U+0BF2, U+0C05..U+0C39,U+0C66..U+0C6F, U+0C85..U+0CB9, U+0CDE..U+0CE3, U+0CE6..U+0CEF, U+0D05..U+0D39, U+0D60,U+0D61, U+0D66..U+0D6F, U+0D85..U+0DC6, U+1900..U+1938, U+1946..U+194F, U+A800..U+A805,U+A807..U+A822, U+0386->U+03B1, U+03AC->U+03B1, U+0388->U+03B5, U+03AD->U+03B5,U+0389->U+03B7, U+03AE->U+03B7, U+038A->U+03B9, U+0390->U+03B9, U+03AA->U+03B9,U+03AF->U+03B9, U+03CA->U+03B9, U+038C->U+03BF, U+03CC->U+03BF, U+038E->U+03C5,U+03AB->U+03C5, U+03B0->U+03C5, U+03CB->U+03C5, U+03CD->U+03C5, U+038F->U+03C9,U+03CE->U+03C9, U+03C2->U+03C3, U+0391..U+03A1->U+03B1..U+03C1,U+03A3..U+03A9->U+03C3..U+03C9, U+03B1..U+03C1, U+03C3..U+03C9, U+0E01..U+0E2E,U+0E30..U+0E3A, U+0E40..U+0E45, U+0E47, U+0E50..U+0E59, U+A000..U+A48F, U+4E00..U+9FBF,U+3400..U+4DBF, U+20000..U+2A6DF, U+F900..U+FAFF, U+2F800..U+2FA1F, U+2E80..U+2EFF,U+2F00..U+2FDF, U+3100..U+312F, U+31A0..U+31BF, U+3040..U+309F, U+30A0..U+30FF,U+31F0..U+31FF, U+AC00..U+D7AF, U+1100..U+11FF, U+3130..U+318F, U+A000..U+A48F,U+A490..U+A4CF
     html_strip = 0
 }

 ######### 索引器配置 #####
 indexer
 {
     mem_limit = 256M ####### 内存限制
 }

 searchd
 {
          port = 9312
           read_timeout = 5
           max_children = 10
           pid_file = /usr/local/sphinx/var/log/searchd.pid
           log = /usr/local/sphinx/var/log/searchd.log
           max_matches = 1000
           seamless_rotate = 1
 }

客户端测试

$times1 = microtime() ;
//csf-3.1.4中有testpack里面有相应的类包
require ( "sphinxapi.php" );

$sphinx_api = new SphinxClient('172.20.17.110', 9312);
$sphinx_api->SetArrayResult(true);
$sphinx_api->SetMatchMode(SPH_MATCH_ANY);
    # 开始查询
    $res = $sphinx_api->Query('老师', 'info');
    if(!$res)
    {
        $error = $sphinx_api->GetLastError();
        var_dump($error);
        exit;
    }
//    echo '<pre>';
//    print_r($res['matches']);

$coon = @mysql_connect('172.20.17.110','root','123456');
@mysql_query("SET NAMES UTF8");
@mysql_select_db('zb3_zhibo',$coon);
$array = array();
foreach($res['matches'] as $key => $val){
    $sql = "select userid,username from live_userinfo_base where userid=".$val['id'];
    $res = mysql_query($sql,$coon);
    $re = mysql_fetch_array($res);
//    echo '<pre>';
//    print_r($re);
//    exit;
    $array[] =$re;
}
$times2 = microtime();

echo $times2-$times1;

4.sphinx命令

建立索引:./indexer -c etc/sphinx.conf --all ### 建立索引(article )文件的命令

启动服务: ./searchd -c /usr/location/sphinx/etc/sphinx.conf

停止服务: pkill -9 search

内容来源:https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000008059009

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