Migrating an iOS Project From Objective-C to Swift

2017-06-05 JC折扣

UIApplicationDelegate

Start with the app delegate.

Add a AppDelegate.swift , and mark the class with @UIApplicationMain attribute.

Remove main.m , because it is now unnecessary. With the use of @UIApplicationMain , the target now knows the entry point.

Adding your first Swift

When you add your first Swift file (like AppDelegate.swift above), Xcode will prompt to add a bridging header.

Add the bridging header.

The AwesomeApp-Bridging-Header.h is the place where you add your existing .h files, exposing them to Swift (as and when needed).

1. Using Objective-C in Swift

We come to the first of the 2 important parts in interoperability .

To use your existing Objective-C, there are a few things to do:

  1. Bridging header to expose the Objective-C classes
  2. Declare nullability in the Objective-C files

We have mentioned (1) in the section above.

For (2), the reason is because Swift is strict on nullability . Can an object be optional, or never?

In Objective-C days, way before Swfit was born, nullability was never explicit. You would have seen EXEC_BAD_ACCESS , and many times the reason is because the object is nil, when is should not be.

Swift make our code safer with explicit nullability.

Hence, you need to make Objective-C code be explicit, so that Swift can use safely:

  • nullable - An optional
  • nonnull - Never an optional
  • Otherwise, they are implicitly unwrapped optional (crash if nil!)

There are also 2 convenient macros to help you: NS_ASSUME_NONNULL_BEGIN and NS_ASSUME_NONNULL_END . Any properties between the macros are considered nonnull .

2. Using Swift in Objective-C

This is the second part, if you still need to write more Objective-C.

To use the new Swift code in existing Objective-C, you have to

#import "AwesomeApp-Swift.h"

This will expose all Swift code.

Don’t be alarm that you cannot find the aforementioned .h file in your project. It is a auto generated header from your Swift code.


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